Cotton is grown throughout Ethiopia below elevations of about 1,400
meters. Because most of the lowlands lack adequate rainfall, cotton
cultivation depends largely on irrigation.
Before the revolution,
large-scale commercial cotton plantations were developed in the Awash
Valley and the Humera areas. Since the revolution, most commercial
cotton has been grown on irrigated state farms, mostly in the Awash
Production jumped from 43,500 tons in 1974/75 to 74,900
tons in 1984/85. Similarly, the area of cultivation increased from
22,600 hectares in 1974/75 to 33,900 hectares in 1984/85.